Getting out of the wilderness alive is a matter of knowing what to do and exactly what not to do. Your survival can depend on how well you follow these steps.
Stay where you are. As soon as you realize you are lost, remain where you are. It's a lot more tough for rescuers to discover you if you're on the move.
Stay together If you're with others, remain together. Do not split up and go looking for food, or water, or even to the bathroom.
Follow the acronym STOP: SIT down to collect your thoughts; THINK prior to you doing anything or walking anywhere; OBSERVE exactly what's around you, and listen thoroughly for sounds that indicate individuals or roadways could be nearby; PREPARE for a long haul by gathering whatever items will keep you safe and comfy, like wood and kindling if you have a way to start a fire.
If you can start a campfire, begin three of them in a straight line or triangle. The universal call for help are 3 gunshots, three blasts of a whistle, three fires, or 3 flashes of a mirror or reflective things.
Stay hydrated! If you have water with you, drink it whenever you feel thirsty. You might be lured to make it last as long as possible, but it will do you more good in your body now. It is always a good idea to go on a trip with emergency purified water, but this is not always practical. Or another great idea is to always carry iodine water purification tablets with you which makes questionable water ready to drink in roughly 35 minutes.
Find a tidy water source in case your experience extends more than a day. If you're at a high altitude, the running water in a stream is usually fine to consume-- however snow is not, unless you melt it first, since it will make you too cold. Try to find locations that rainwater gathers, like in rock crevices. Pay attention to birds; they like to circle water.
Breathing through your nose will help you remain hydrated longer.
Do not eat any wild plants, berries, mushrooms, and so on. You're better off hungry than poisoned.
Browse for shelter, but don't roam too far looking for the perfect spot. Get out of the sun-- sitting under a tree or rock overhang will do simply great-- but don't hide from individuals trying to find you!
Use the time that you're waiting on rescuers to collect branches or pine needles to sleep on when the temperature drops; you'll remain warmer than if you were on the cold ground. And collect whatever is around-- leaves, more branches-- to place on top of you to additional insulate you from the cold.
Huddle in the fetal position to save heat. If you're with a group, huddle together. Grab a "buddy".
Conserve your energy. Don't put a lot energy into developing a shelter or making an SOS indication from rocks that you dehydrate yourself more quickly.
Make noise. It will assist rescuers zero in on you and scare away animals.